S&T self-reliance, self-strengthening prioritized for national development
"Scientific and technological innovation has always played an important role in national development and human progress, and its role is becoming increasingly prominent and ever more important," said Wang Zhigang, minister of science and technology, at the press conference introducing the guiding principles of the fifth plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee held on Oct. 30 in Beijing.
The CPC Central Committee's proposals for formulating the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-Range Objectives Through the Year 2035 were adopted at the fifth plenary session, placing self-reliance and self-strengthening in science and technology (S&T) at the top of all planning tasks. It is the first time that the CPC has done so in the history of formulating a five-year plan.
"The important positioning and arrangements regarding scientific and technological innovation put forward at the fifth plenary session have fully grasped the trend of global S&T development, and adhered to the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics. They also fit the characteristics and tasks of S&T innovation in the country in the new era," Wang commented.
China needs sci-tech innovation solutions more than ever in implementing the new development philosophy, promoting quality development and building a new development pattern, he said.
China's scientific and technological strength is now moving from seeking accumulation in quantitative terms to taking great leaps forward in quality, from individual breakthroughs to achieving systematic progress, laying a solid foundation for economic growth and improvement of people's livelihood and national security.
Looking ahead, China will move faster on the new path of innovative development featuring excellent talents, cutting-edge technologies, outstanding industries and a strong economy and nation, and strive to become one of the leading innovation-oriented countries and a scientific and technological power in the world, Wang explained.
"Self-reliance and self-strengthening in S&T do not contradict openness and cooperation; instead, they form a dialectical unity," Wang stressed. "China's S&T innovation has never been, and will never be, conducted behind closed doors."
China needs to improve its ability of independent innovation and run its own affairs well, while hoping to learn more advanced experiences from the rest of the world and contribute more Chinese wisdom to tackle global challenges, he stressed.
"Looking ahead, China will make greater strides in S&T opening-up and cooperation. We are ready to carry out dialogue and exchanges with other countries in regard to S&T policies, development plans, research ethics, and fields of common concern in S&T as well as innovation."
At the same time, China will focus on global issues such as climate change, energy and resources, and public health, set up a scientific research fund to support joint research with countries across the world.
In addition, great efforts will be made to further improve the legal and policy environment for S&T innovation in China, strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights, provide equal opportunities and convenient conditions for overseas talents to work and start businesses in China, and make the country a favored destination for global innovators and entrepreneurs.
（You can also read it at：http://www.china.org.cn/china/2020-11/11/content_76899518.htm）