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Golden Year of Infrastructure Construction

Source: Science and Technology Daily | 2022-01-27 10:15:50 | Author: WANG Xiaoxia

A bullet train is arriving at a station along theChina-Laos Railway. (PHOTO: XINHUA)

As the first year of China's 14th Five -Year Plan period, 2021 has witnessed the country's leap forward in the field of infrastructure construction, including railways, power grid and water conservancy, injecting growth impetus to the Chinese and global economies.

    To date, the length of China's high-speed  railways  in  operation  exceeds 40,000 kilometers, ranking first in the world, with the total length of railways in operation more than 150,000 kilometers, ranking second in the world, according to China Railway.

    The first electrified railway in southwest China's Xizang  Autonomous Region opened on June 25 of 2021, linking regional capital Lhasa with the city of Nyingchi.  

  Since Fuxing bullet trains entered official operation on the plateau region, the trains have covered all 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities.

    In 2021, investment in power grid infrastructure totaled 402.48 billion RMB. AC transmission projects, stretching over 44,000 km, were put into operation for electricity of 110 kV or above. More than 2,800 km of DC electricity projects were put into operation.

    Baihetan hydropower station, on the Jinsha River, an upper stretch of the Yangtze River in southwest China, with a total installed capacity of 16 million kilowatts, was officially put into use. It transmits rich power resources in the west to energy-consuming regions in east China, a major step in the country's utilization of clean energy.

    The first phase of a power supply project for the Sichuan-Xizang Railway was completed ahead of schedule. The second phase projects were completed to ensure the power supply for border defense and for the 2022 Winter Olympics.

    In 2021, China made solid progress in water conservancy infrastructure construction, investing more than 750 billion RMB. Ninety-four percent of the first phase of the eastern and middle routes of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project was completed (See the article in same page).

    In terms of flood control and drought relief projects, 11,000 km of small and medium sized rivers were harnessed in 2021. In rural areas, 99,000 projects were repaired and maintained to ensure water supply for 42.63 million people, and a record-high 84 percent of rural residents got access to tap water.

    In the past year, China has cooperated with other countries in infrastructure construction, contributing to global connectivity and economic recovery.

    The China-Laos Railway, a flagship project of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), started operation on December 3 of 2021. The new record of 15,000 China-Europe freight train trips were made in 2021, up 22 percent from 2020.

    Statistics from China International Development Cooperation Agency show that up to 140 partner countries and 32 international organizations have signed documents with China under the BRI framework by November 2021.

    Chinese enterprises have built more than 6,000 BRI projects around the world, and invested 34 billion USD in economic and trade cooperation zones in participating countries, paid over 3 billion USD in taxes and created over 330,000 jobs.

    The digital economy is playing an increasingly important role in economic growth, and the carbon neutrality goal is pushing green industrial upgrade. China is focusing on infrastructure related to advanced technologies, such as 5G, big data, AI, Internet of Things and clean energy, to tilt infrastructure investment toward green and low-carbon development.

Editor: 王晓夏

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